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ѭ֤ҽѧʵģʽ̽

2016/03/16 Ķ

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̽һֻҽԺѭ֤ҽѧСϢѭ֤ҽѧʵģʽҽ߶ѭ֤ҽѧϢҪҽԺҽߺҽʦˮƽдٽá

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ѭ֤ҽѧС;Ϣ;ʵģʽ

ѭ֤ҽѧ20ҽѧķ֧ѧƣԴٽٴҽѧѧչҪļֵΪΪÿλƾߵһҽģʽ1ݣʵѭ֤ҽѧٴо󷢱ĴĺݽйܽᣬΪҳ֤ݣӶҽʦٴߣ23ݡѭ֤ҽѧֵʵֹٴвѧͳѧԭͷĶصҽѧףѧѰЧٴ¿ѧоɹɹΪٴϺƾߣӶѧָٴʵѭ֤ҽѧӦٴʹ߻ѧЧƣҲҽʦѧЧˮƽҽʦ45ݡ

1ͳѭ֤ҽѧʵڵ

ѭ֤ҽѧͨҽѧߵѭ֤ʵʵ֣ζҽʦҪеطⲢϺףõõ֤ݲӦٴʵҲѭ֤ҽѧص񡣾20ʵ֤ҽѧʵԼסȡ֤ݵķʽѭ֤ҽѧʵд⣬ʵѭ֤ҽѧЧķ6ݡ绯ֻIJϷչѭ֤ҽѧϢԴԽԽḻͬʱµƷҩƼоҲҽѧ׳ÿﵽ8000ƪ7ݣݬ롢ӷɢ89ݣڼƽ̨ģʽҲͬʹں̺Ϣɸѡǡʵ֤ݳΪѭ֤ҽѧʵҪĺ֮һΪҪѭ֤ҽѧʵߵҽԺҽԱҪǽ޵ʱ;ҽѧʵǷռסеʾ󲿷ҽʵ߸ϣרҵѭ֤ҽѧԱ߸ְҵʵͼ鱨Ա֤ݼ۹10ݡѭ֤ҽѧʵߴû㹻ʱף11ݣȱƽ̨ͼɣ޷ռѡѭ֤ҽѧϢԴ12ݣ޷ҵѭ֤ҽѧԴijìܱȻҽѧģʽȻͣھҽѧ״̬谭ٴʵѭ֤ҽѧģʽɵĽ̡

2ѭ֤ҽѧʵڹ

ŷҽѧϵǾӢʽ13ݣҪ11ѧƣϸʵϰʸԲܹΪдȨҽʦ14ݡڳѧƵľӢʽУҽѧҪ淶ѧϰвѧͳѧ׼ѭ֤ҽѧ֪ʶ15ݣԱҽѧ׵ļܣΪδٴѭ֤ߴõ֪ʶͼܴŷҽʵԤԼƣ16ݣٴҽʦÿܾԽ٣ԳƹҽʦԳԣʱٴѭ֤ҽѧоԷֽٴķҹҽѧھ5ıѧơ3˶ʿѧƺ3IJʿѧѧϰ󣬹һͨٴҽʦʸԣͿԽٴơҹҽѧеĴǣ׼ѡ޿ΣвѧͳѧȻDZ޿ΣѧʱȽ϶̣17ݣѭ֤ҽѧγҲ21ͺ𽥿18ݡЩʹñѧҽʦѾ߱ѭ֤ٴƣԵٴʱרѯߡ˶ʿͲʿѧҽʦȻѧϰоոĿ˼άͼɣҹ߼ҽԺ͹صԭ򣬸ѧҽʦûʱףݾϼҽʦרһߵʦѯоߣ19(1)

3ҽѧͼѭ֤ҽѧϢģʽľ

ҽѧԺУͼŷḻݿԴԴǻȡִҽѧϢҪ20ݡͬʱѭ֤ҽѧ֤ռ봫ͳҽѧȣҪϸߵļͼɣ漰ͼ鱨ļҽѧͼԱͼ鱨רҵƺͳڹ۷ḻļ飬ͼΪѭ֤ҽѧģʽõܶרѧߵ֧֣2123ݡѭ֤ҽѧʵҪٴҽѧвѧͳѧͼ֪ʶԱͬɡͼ鱨Ա֪ʶרҵܡˮƽѭ֤ҽѧԴȷ滹ھԣرȱٴҽѧвѧͳѧı21ݡѭ֤ҽѧʵҪͼԱ뵽ҽƻУṩʵзҪΪϸķҽѧʵٴҽѧͼԱҪΪٴҽʦṩ֤ϢҪ鷿ۣٴҽʦƽ⣬ҪҽʦϢҪṩѯٴҽʦӦ֤ݽƾߺ͹ߵҪȻͼѭ֤ҽѧϢģʽвƣҽԱѭ֤ҽѧϢ

4ҽԺѭ֤ҽѧСҽѧϢģʽ̽

41ҽԺѭ֤ҽѧСҪٴѭ֤漰רҵ򣬽齨רҵѭ֤ҽѧСΪٴṩϢСӦ߱Ҫ󡣢һٴҽѧѭ֤ҽѧ͸;ʵвѧͳѧ֪ʶ֤ܶݵȼгֵʶ֤ܰ۱׼ҽѧ֤ݽпѧ;۾õ׼ܶԼҪԵͬʱѭ֤ҽѧСҪҽԺСԱԶڲμٴ鷿ٴʵпѧ֤ݵۣҲСԱʱٴҽʦѭֺ֤̽͵ٴ鷿СԱٴ֪ʶˮƽҲҽԱѭ֤ҽѧʶ˼ά

42ҽԺѭ֤СϢ̽ҽԺѭ֤ҽѧСҽѧϢģʽδѭ֤ҽѧϢģʽʵҽԺٴϣҽԺѭ֤ҽѧСϢ̡ѭ֤СԱμٴҽʦĶڲ鷿˽ٴ֪ʶṩµٴϢ;ٴҽʦв鷿ۣ⣬ѭ֤СԱ鷿ۣںṩ֤ṩٴҽʦƶPICOS(PatientInterventionCon-trolOutcomeStudydesign)ύСԱ;СPICOSƶԣݡ5s֤ݵȼ3(ϵͳܽᡢժҪо)Ѱ֤;ܶԼ֤ݽɸѡ;ûйϵ֤ݣٴָϡٴ֤ݡȣԭʼо֤ݽжԻ߶γɳܽ;ٴҽʦ֣ܽγ汨;ٴҽʦѭ֤棬ٴ(ͼ1)

5ѭ֤ҽѧĸĽ

51ѭ֤ҽѧȫλҪḻݿԴ24ڣֻҽѧԺУͼӵдҽѧϢԴ20ݣҽԺͼݾޣԴǺܳ25ݣѭ֤ҽѧ֤ݵĻȡеıķģʽѾѭ֤ҽʵҪ

52ǿҽԱѭ֤ҽѧ֪ʶռҽԱҪѭ֤ҽѧ˼άԱѭ֤ҽѧСٴҽʦԾ֣߱̽ӦȡֶʽҽԱѭ֤ʶ㷺ȫԱѵͨϵͳ淶ҽԺѵҽʦѭ֤ҽѧ֪ʶ

ѭ֤ҽѧʵٴ߻ߵżĴٽáͳҽѧʵԼףȡ֤ݵķʽѭ֤ҽѧʵģʽźܴı׶ˣѭ֤ҽѧչҪ;ҽѧͼȻṩһϢֵ֧кܴľԣȶҽԺѭ֤СٴҽʦиЧ֪ʶԽӣܸṩҽϢ񣬽Ϊѭ֤ҽѧٴʵṩͼݵϢģʽ߱Ķơѭ֤СϢģʽһϢģʽҪʵвϵطֲ㲢ơ

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2016/03/16 Ķ

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