您现在的位置: 新晨范文网 >> 文学文化论文 >> 世界文学论文 >> 正文
老人与海主人公
定制服务

定制原创材料,由写作老师24小时内创作完成,仅供客户你一人参考学习,无后顾之忧。

发表论文

根据客户的需要,将论文发表在指定类别的期刊,只收50%定金,确定发表通过后再付余款。

加入会员

申请成为本站会员,可以享受经理回访等更17项优惠服务,更可以固定你喜欢的写作老师。

摘要:

美国现代著名小说家海明威曾经说过:“人生本来就是为了被打败的。人能被毁灭,但是不能被打败。”正是这种人生态度赋予了他笔下的桑提亚哥——勇敢、自信、自尊,永不屈服的性格特征。笔者从此角度出发,探索了“压力下的风度”这一主题以及给人们带来的启示。

Abstract:中国论文联盟WWW.LWLM.COM整理。

Hemingway,afamousnovelistofAmerica,oncesaid"Manisnotmadefordefeat.Amancanbedestroyedbutnotdefeated."Santiagoisendowedwiththisoptimisticattitudetowardslife-courage,confidence,dignityandnevergivingup.Thisessayalsodealswiththeproblemof"graceunderpressure"anditsrevelationtopeople.

Keywords:nevergivingup;confidence;graceunderpressure

I.Thethreelayersofpressure

ThesuccessofTheoldmanandthesealiesmostinitsperfectdisplay--thegraceunderpressure.whichisaveryimportantqualityofSantiago.Thequalityiscomposedoftwodements:pressureandgrace.Pressureisthepremise,onlyunderpressurecanone‘sgracefuldemeanordisplay.

Atthebeginningofthenovel,SantiagohadgoneEighty··fourdayswithoutcatchingafishandhadbe··comethelaughingstockofhissmallvillage.Thisisanaffronttoamasterfulfisherman,anditformsthefirstlayerofpressure;Asthestorybegins,ayoungboy,Manolin,stayedwiththeoldman,butafterthefortiethlucklessday,theboy,sfathertoldhissontogoinanotherboat,leavingtheskiffofwhichthesailwaspatchedwithfoursacksandfurledliketheflagofpermanentdefeat.Whentheboylefttheoldmanandfishedwithanother,theycaughtthreegoodfishesinthefirstweek.Theboysgoodluckformedobviouscontrastwiththeoldmangillluck.Ifthishappenedtoanotherboy,itwa(中国论文联盟www.lwlm.com整理)scoincidental,butithappenedtotheboywhohadgotnothingwiththeoldmanforfortydaysandexactlywhenhelefttheoldmanforoneweek.Thismadeotherfishermenbelievedthattheoldmanwasreallyunluckyenough!Thisisthesecondlayerofpressure;WhentheoldmanhookedthebiggestmarlinneverseenintheGulfStream,hewasalone,withoutthebenefitofmodemtechnology.Heenduredalongandgruelingstrugglewiththemarlinandfeltlonelyandhelpless.Thisisthethirdlayerofpressure.

II.Santiagograceunderthethreelayersofpressure

1.Graceunderthefirstlayerofpressure

Asthenovelbegins,wefindSantiagodefinitelyandfinallyfailed,however,hekeptself-composedandhadconfidenceinhisdignity.Soevenhavinggotnothinginthefirst84days,hecontinuedtogoouttofish.

Santiago%commitmenttosailingoutfurtherthananyfishermanhadbeforetestifiedhisconfidencetothedepth.Italsoshowedhisconfidencetochangehisbadluck,becauseheclearlyknewwhathewasbornfor.Yes,hewasbornfortheconqueringofthesea.Everythingabouthimwasoldexcepthiseyesandtheywerethesamecolorastheseaandwerecheerfulandundefeated.Weallknowthateyesarethewindowsofone7ssou1.Itmeanstheoldman'sheartorsoulisinconvincible.Inordertoprotecthisdignity,hefinallysummarizedthefamousmotto“Manisnotmadefordefeat.Amancanbedestroyedbutnotdefeated”.

Thisisobviouslythedeclarationtothedifficuhiesandadversities.Howspiritedandvaliantthepledge!ItencourageshumantofightfordignityhTtP://Www.XcHeN.COm.cn

2.Graceunderthesecondlayerofpressure

Theoldmanwasinhisadversityandtheboyhadgotgoodfishesafterhelefttheoldman.Santiagodidn’tfeeljealousbuthappyforhim.Whentalkingwiththeboywhowasnotwillingtoleave,theoldmansaid.“Iknowyoudidnotleavemebecauseyoudoub.ted’’?andhefeltitwasquitenorma1.thoughhewouldbelonelywithouttheboy.Whentheboyaskedifhecouldoffertheoldmanabeerontheterraceandthentookthestuffhome,theoldmansaid,“whynot,betweenfishermen

3.AUthesedetailsshowthatSantiagowasreasonable,sensible,kindwithopenmind.

Theoldman,sgraceliesinhisgenderfeeling.1et§takealookathowtheoldmanwoketheboy:hetookholdofonefootgentlyandheldituntiltheboywokeup.Whentheboywasstillsleepy,theoldmanputhisarmacrosshisshouldersandsaid“Iamsorry”.JustlikeLuXansaid,heartlessnessdoesntmakethehero,pityforchildrenmakesmoretheman.

Withconfidentattitudetowardslife,theoldmantookthingsphilosophically.Infacthehopedtheboycouldcomebacktohimandheneededtheboy,butwhentheboywantedtobeback,theoldmanrefusedbecauseitwastheboy,sparentswhomadehimleaveandhecouldnotmaketheboyawkwardandunluckywithhim.

3.GraceunderthethirdlayerofpressureWhenfightingwiththemarlin,hewasdriventhroughthetwooppositeforcesbetweencertaintyanduncertainty.SometimesSantiag(中国论文联盟www.lwlm.com整理)ofeltlonelyandhelpless,butheconqueredallofthemultimately,whichwasbestpresentedinhislongmonologueandrecallaboutarln.wrestlingcontest.suchas“1wishIhadtheboytohelpmeandtoseethis”,“1wishtheboywerehere”and“1wishIhadtheboy"[39].

Hismenti0n0ftheboyseveraltimesprovedthathewantedtoover.whelmlonelinessandenhancedcourageandforcetofight.

Santiagorecalledthearm—wrestlingepisodetogivehimmoreconfidence.Therecallwouldallowhimtoforgetaconnectionwiththemarlinthatwentbeyondtheliterallinkoftheline:hisbodilyachesattestedtothefactthatheiswellmatched.thatthefishisawor.thyopponent.Asayoungman,Santiagoenjoyedsingle-mindedcompetitivecontests,asanoldmanhecontinuedtoenjoythem.

III.Conclusion

TheoldmanconveysusthatwehumanbEingsshouldkeepgracefulevenunderfiercepressure,shouldfacethefailuresbravely,andkeepthespiritofunyieldingintegrity.Thesearethequalitieswithwhichweshouldbeequipped,justasthemottooftheoldman“Manisnotmadefordefeat.Amancanbedestroyedbutnotdefeated.’’

【References】

[1]海明威.老人与海[M].吴钧,译.上海:上海外文出版社,2000.

[2]BakerCarlos.EmestHemingway:alifestory[M].NewYork:Scriber,1996.

[3]BrennerGerry.TheOldManandSea:storyofacommonman[M].NewYork:Twaynepublishers,1991.

[4]桂扬清,吴翔林.英美文学选读[M].北京:中国对外翻译出版社,2001.

[5]金莉,秦亚清.美国文学[M].北京:外语教学与研究出版社,1996.

老人与海主人公责任编辑:李老师    阅读:人次
世界文学论文相关文章
    没有相关论文